المسائل الÙقهية النسائية المطبَّقة ÙÙŠ المجتمع الجاوي ووجهة نظر الشرع Ùيها

Mualimin Mohd Sahid, Mohd Faisal bin Mohamed, Mesbahul Hoque

Abstract

 

THE SHARI'A'S PERSPECTIVE ON ISSUES RELATED TO WOMEN'S JURISPRUDENCE IN THE JAVANESE COMMUNITY


Abstract

Javanese Muslims have encountered variety of customs and local traditions practiced in their religious and social life, which are heavily influenced by ancient beliefs and religions. This influence has led to unique religious phenomenon, which mixes Islam with other beliefs. One of the most highlighted issues is traditions related to women's jurisprudence (fiqh al-nisâ`). This research aims to study some of the most important issues of women's jurisprudence applied in Javanese community and indicate wether they are appropiate from Islamic point of view, or not. This research has found that there are various javanese customs and traditions related to fiqh al-nisâ`, namely, traditions and beliefs about placenta, weight of child’s name, woman's engagement, circumcision of women, and unregistered marriage (al-nikâh al-sirri). Some of these traditional practices are influenced by old-traditional Javanese beliefs. Unfortunately, even these tradition try to maintain Islamic values in their local shape of practice, some of them are still in contrary to what Islam has stated. Therefore, this article states clearly that the right thing to deal with those customs is to abandon them that are contrary to Islamic law and to be satisfied with the practices allowed by the Islamic law.

 

Keywords: Local Customs, Tradition, Javanese Muslim, Traditional Islam, Women's Issues, Sharia, Fiqh al-nisâ`.

Full Text:

PDF

References

AbÅ« DÄwÅ«d, Sulaiman Bin al-Asy’aÅ› al-SijistÄnÄ«, Sunan AbÄ« DÄwÅ«d, BeirÅ«t: DÄr al-Fikr, No. Year.

‘AsqalÄnÄ«, Aḥmad Bin ‘AlÄ«bin Hajar al-, Fath al-BÄrÄ« Syarh Șaḥīḥ al-BukhÄrÄ«, TaḥqÄ«q: Muhammad Fuad Abd al-BÄqÄ«. BeirÅ«t: DÄr al-Ma’rofah, 1379H.

‘Aẓīm Ä€bÄdÄ«, Syamsu al-Haqq, ‘Aun al-Ma’bÅ«d Syarh Sunan AbÄ« DawÅ«d, BeirÅ«t: DÄr al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Edition 3, 1415 H.

Ibn Taimiyyah, Aḥmad Bin Abd al-HalÄ«m, MajmÅ« FatÄwÄ, TaḥqÄ«q : ȘÄliḥ al-‘AÈ›isyÄn, RiyÄá¸, DÄr al-‘AbÄ«kÄn, Edition, 1, 1413.

Ibn QudÄmah, Muwafiq al-DÄ«n Abdullah bin Aḥmad, al-MugnÄ«, BeirÅ«t: DÄr IhyÄ’ al-TurÄÅ› al-‘ArÄbÄ«, Edition 1, 1405H.

KÄsÄnÄ«, AbÅ« Bakr Bin Mas’ūd al-HanafÄ« al-, BadÄi’i fÄ« TartÄ«bi al-SyarÄi’i, BeirÅ«t: DÄr al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Edition 2, 1424H.

KiÈ›Äb, Muhammad amuhammad Bin Abd al-Rahman al-Ra’īnÄ«, MawÄhib al-JalÄ«l fÄ« Syarh MuhtaÈ™ar al-KhalÄ«l, BeirÅ«t: DÄr al-Fikr, Edition 3, 1412H.

Muslim, Ibn al HujÄj al-QusyairÄ« al-NaisÄbÅ«rÄ«, Șaḥīḥ Muslim, TahqÄ«q Muhammad Fuad Abd al-BÄqÄ«, BeirÅ«t: DÄr IḥyÄ’ liturÄÅ› al-‘ArabÄ«, no edition, no year.

NawawÄ«, Yahya Bin Syarf Bin MurÄ al-, Syarh Șaḥīḥ al-Muslim, BeirÅ«t: DÄr IḥyÄ’ al-turÄÅ›, 1392M.

NaÈ™r FarÄ«d, WÄÈ™il, KitÄb FatÄwÄ al-Mar’ah, al-Qahirah, : Taba’ah DÄr MÄyÅ« al-WaÈ›aniyyah linasyr, No. Year.

Qais, MarwÄn IbrÄhÄ«m al-, al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah Baina IjtihÄdÄt al-FuqahÄ’ wa mumÄrasÄt al-MuslimÄ«n. Al-Magrib: al-Manżumah al-IslÄmiyyah li-tarbiyyah al-TsaqÄfah wa al-UlÅ«m, Edition 1, 1991M.

Turmużī, Muhammad Bin ‘ĪsÄ al-SalimÄ« al-, Sunan al-Tirmiżī, BeirÅ«t: DÄr IhyÄ’ al-TurÄÅ› al-‘ArÄbÄ«, No. Year.

Șon’ÄnÄ«, Muhammad Bin IsmÄ’īl al-, Subul al-SalÄm Syarh BulÅ«gÅ«l MarÄm Min Jam’i Adillati al-AḥkÄm, BeirÅ«t : DÄr al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Edition. 1, 2000.

SyÄfi’i, AbÅ« Abdullah Muhammad Bin IdrÄ«s al-, al-Umm, BerÅ«t : DÄr al-Ma’rufah, 1410H/1990M.

SyarbÄ«nÄ«, al-Khațīb, MugnÄ« al-MuḥtÄj IlÄ Ma’rifati alfaẓ al-MinhÄj, BeirÅ«t: DÄr al-Ma’rafah, Edition 1, 1418H.

SyaukanÄ«, Muhammad Bin ‘AlÄ«, Nailu al-AuÈ›Är Syarh MuntaqÄ al-AkhbÄr, BeirÅ«t: DÄr al-Khair, Edition. 2, 1418H.

‘UÅ›aimÄ«n, Muhammad Bin ȘÄliḥ bin Muhammad al-, al-Syarh al-Mumta’ ‘AlÄ ZÄdi al-Mustaqna’, al-Su’ūdiyyah: DÄr Ibn JauzÄ«, Edition. 1, 1428H.

Zuhaili, al-DuktÅ«r Wahbah bin Mușțafa al-, al-Fiqh al-IslÄmÄ« wa Adillatuhu, BeirÅ«t: DÄr Fikr, Edition 3, 1409H.

Badudu, JS, Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia, Pustaka Sinar Harapan, (n.d).

Biro Pusat Statistik, BPS, Statistik Indonesia: Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia, Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik, 2009.

Blackburn, Susan, Kongres Perempuan Pertama: Tinjauan Ulang. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia., 2007.

Bushar, Muhammad, Asas-asas Hukum Adat, Jakarta: Praduya Paramita, 1986.

Darwin, Muhajir, Male and female genital cutting konteks, makna, dan keberlangsungan praktek dalam masyarakat Jogjakarta dan Madura, Yogyakarta: UGM, (n.d)

Departemen Agama RI, Kompilasi Hukum Islam Di Indonesia, Bandung: Humaniora Utama Press, 1991.

DPR. RI, Rancangan Undang-undang Hukum Materiil Peradilan Bidang Perkawinan, Jakarta, 2004.

Niti, Sofi Sari, Perkawinan Adat Peminangan Di Dusun Waton, Kecamatan Mantup, Kabupaten Lamongan, Surakarta: Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Muhammadiyah, 2008.

Purwadi, Ensiklopedi Adat Istiadat Budaya Jawa, Yogyakarta: Panji Pustaka, 2008.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.