المسائل الفقهية النسائية المطبَّقة في المجتمع الجاوي ووجهة نظر الشرع فيها

Mualimin Mohd Sahid, Mohd Faisal bin Mohamed, Mesbahul Hoque

Abstract

 

THE SHARI'A'S PERSPECTIVE ON ISSUES RELATED TO WOMEN'S JURISPRUDENCE IN THE JAVANESE COMMUNITY


Abstract

Javanese Muslims have encountered variety of customs and local traditions practiced in their religious and social life, which are heavily influenced by ancient beliefs and religions. This influence has led to unique religious phenomenon, which mixes Islam with other beliefs. One of the most highlighted issues is traditions related to women's jurisprudence (fiqh al-nisâ`). This research aims to study some of the most important issues of women's jurisprudence applied in Javanese community and indicate wether they are appropiate from Islamic point of view, or not. This research has found that there are various javanese customs and traditions related to fiqh al-nisâ`, namely, traditions and beliefs about placenta, weight of child’s name, woman's engagement, circumcision of women, and unregistered marriage (al-nikâh al-sirri). Some of these traditional practices are influenced by old-traditional Javanese beliefs. Unfortunately, even these tradition try to maintain Islamic values in their local shape of practice, some of them are still in contrary to what Islam has stated. Therefore, this article states clearly that the right thing to deal with those customs is to abandon them that are contrary to Islamic law and to be satisfied with the practices allowed by the Islamic law.

 

Keywords: Local Customs, Tradition, Javanese Muslim, Traditional Islam, Women's Issues, Sharia, Fiqh al-nisâ`.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abū Dāwūd, Sulaiman Bin al-Asy’aś al-Sijistānī, Sunan Abī Dāwūd, Beirūt: Dār al-Fikr, No. Year.

‘Asqalānī, Aḥmad Bin ‘Alībin Hajar al-, Fath al-Bārī Syarh Șaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, Taḥqīq: Muhammad Fuad Abd al-Bāqī. Beirūt: Dār al-Ma’rofah, 1379H.

‘Aẓīm Ābādī, Syamsu al-Haqq, ‘Aun al-Ma’būd Syarh Sunan Abī Dawūd, Beirūt: Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Edition 3, 1415 H.

Ibn Taimiyyah, Aḥmad Bin Abd al-Halīm, Majmū Fatāwā, Taḥqīq : Șāliḥ al-‘Ațisyān, Riyāḍ, Dār al-‘Abīkān, Edition, 1, 1413.

Ibn Qudāmah, Muwafiq al-Dīn Abdullah bin Aḥmad, al-Mugnī, Beirūt: Dār Ihyā’ al-Turāś al-‘Arābī, Edition 1, 1405H.

Kāsānī, Abū Bakr Bin Mas’ūd al-Hanafī al-, Badāi’i fī Tartībi al-Syarāi’i, Beirūt: Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Edition 2, 1424H.

Kițāb, Muhammad amuhammad Bin Abd al-Rahman al-Ra’īnī, Mawāhib al-Jalīl fī Syarh Muhtașar al-Khalīl, Beirūt: Dār al-Fikr, Edition 3, 1412H.

Muslim, Ibn al Hujāj al-Qusyairī al-Naisābūrī, Șaḥīḥ Muslim, Tahqīq Muhammad Fuad Abd al-Bāqī, Beirūt: Dār Iḥyā’ liturāś al-‘Arabī, no edition, no year.

Nawawī, Yahya Bin Syarf Bin Murā al-, Syarh Șaḥīḥ al-Muslim, Beirūt: Dār Iḥyā’ al-turāś, 1392M.

Nașr Farīd, Wāșil, Kitāb Fatāwā al-Mar’ah, al-Qahirah, : Taba’ah Dār Māyū al-Wațaniyyah linasyr, No. Year.

Qais, Marwān Ibrāhīm al-, al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah Baina Ijtihādāt al-Fuqahā’ wa mumārasāt al-Muslimīn. Al-Magrib: al-Manżumah al-Islāmiyyah li-tarbiyyah al-Tsaqāfah wa al-Ulūm, Edition 1, 1991M.

Turmużī, Muhammad Bin ‘Īsā al-Salimī al-, Sunan al-Tirmiżī, Beirūt: Dār Ihyā’ al-Turāś al-‘Arābī, No. Year.

Șon’ānī, Muhammad Bin Ismā’īl al-, Subul al-Salām Syarh Bulūgūl Marām Min Jam’i Adillati al-Aḥkām, Beirūt : Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Edition. 1, 2000.

Syāfi’i, Abū Abdullah Muhammad Bin Idrīs al-, al-Umm, Berūt : Dār al-Ma’rufah, 1410H/1990M.

Syarbīnī, al-Khațīb, Mugnī al-Muḥtāj Ilā Ma’rifati alfaẓ al-Minhāj, Beirūt: Dār al-Ma’rafah, Edition 1, 1418H.

Syaukanī, Muhammad Bin ‘Alī, Nailu al-Auțār Syarh Muntaqā al-Akhbār, Beirūt: Dār al-Khair, Edition. 2, 1418H.

‘Uśaimīn, Muhammad Bin Șāliḥ bin Muhammad al-, al-Syarh al-Mumta’ ‘Alā Zādi al-Mustaqna’, al-Su’ūdiyyah: Dār Ibn Jauzī, Edition. 1, 1428H.

Zuhaili, al-Duktūr Wahbah bin Mușțafa al-, al-Fiqh al-Islāmī wa Adillatuhu, Beirūt: Dār Fikr, Edition 3, 1409H.

Badudu, JS, Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia, Pustaka Sinar Harapan, (n.d).

Biro Pusat Statistik, BPS, Statistik Indonesia: Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia, Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik, 2009.

Blackburn, Susan, Kongres Perempuan Pertama: Tinjauan Ulang. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia., 2007.

Bushar, Muhammad, Asas-asas Hukum Adat, Jakarta: Praduya Paramita, 1986.

Darwin, Muhajir, Male and female genital cutting konteks, makna, dan keberlangsungan praktek dalam masyarakat Jogjakarta dan Madura, Yogyakarta: UGM, (n.d)

Departemen Agama RI, Kompilasi Hukum Islam Di Indonesia, Bandung: Humaniora Utama Press, 1991.

DPR. RI, Rancangan Undang-undang Hukum Materiil Peradilan Bidang Perkawinan, Jakarta, 2004.

Niti, Sofi Sari, Perkawinan Adat Peminangan Di Dusun Waton, Kecamatan Mantup, Kabupaten Lamongan, Surakarta: Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Muhammadiyah, 2008.

Purwadi, Ensiklopedi Adat Istiadat Budaya Jawa, Yogyakarta: Panji Pustaka, 2008.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.