Import competition and local labor markets: the case of Indonesia

Fina Sri Agustina


This paper analyzes the effects of import competition on Indonesian local labor markets in term of manufacturing employment share, non-manufacturing employment share, unemployment rate, and wages. A rapid increase of globalization has caused many countries including Indonesia experienced a significant increase in imports, which lead to a tougher import competition. Using data of imports and 430 districts in Indonesia in the period of 2007-2013, we found that import competition has negatively affected manufacturing employment share, non-manufacturing employment share, and wages. It also increased unemployment. In addition, the highest impact was mainly driven by imports of consumption goods


import competition, local labor market, Indonesia


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Economic Journal of Emerging Markets (EJEM)
ISSN 2086-3128 (print), ISSN 2502-180X (online)
Published by:
Center for Economic Studies, Department of Economics,
Universitas Islam Indonesia, Indonesia.

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