Comparison analysis of imported coffee of Malaysia from Indonesia and Vietnam

Eko Atmadji, Esther Sri Astuti S. A., Yosra Hersegoviva Suhardiman


Malaysia is an important coffee export destination for Indonesia. Recently Vietnam shifts Indonesian position as a number one coffee exporter in Malaysia. Based on this background, this study compares the position of Indonesian and Vietnamese coffee in the eyes of Malaysians by using demand function. The data is time series and co-integration test should be applied. Co-integration test is using Bound Test in ARDL method. Indonesian coffee demand by Malaysians is co-integrated, whereas the demand for Vietnamese coffee by Malaysia does not contain co-integration. It means, Vietnamese coffee is not a serious competitor to Indonesian coffee in Malaysian market.


coffee trade, import demand, ARDL

Full Text:



Baroh, I., Hanani, N., Setiawan, B., & Koestiono, D. (2014). Indonesian coffee competitiveness in the international market: Review from the demand side. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 3(2), 605–609.

Egger, S., & Orr, R. A. (2014). The home barista: How to bring out the best in every coffee bean. Melbourne: Affirm Press.

Food and Agriculture Organization. (2015). FAO: Statistical pocketbook coffee 2015. Retrieved from

Goddard, E. W., & Akiyama, T. (1989). United States demand for coffee imports. Agriculture Economics, 3(2), 147–159.

Hidayat, A., & Soetriono. (2010). Daya saing ekspor kopi robusta Indonesia di pasar internasional. Journal of Social and Agriculture Economics, 4(2), 62–82.

Hutabarat, B. (2010). World market condition and its impact on the performance of national coffee industry. Indonesian Journal of Agriculture, 3(1), 51–59.

Igami, M. (2015). Market power in international commodity trade: The case of coffee. Journal of Industrial Economics, 63(2), 225–248.

International Coffee Organization. (2014). Coffee consumption in East and Southeast Asia: 1990 – 2012 (International Coffee Council 112th Session). London. Retrieved from

Isa, A. M., Subhan, M., & Saud, M. B. (2018). Does western culture impact customer loyalty for western multinational companies in Malaysia? A case study of Starbucks. In Enhancing business stability through collaboration (443rd–454th ed.). CRC Press.

Kutner, M. H., Nachtsheim, C. J., Neter, J., & Wasserman, W. (2005). Applied linear statistical models, fifth edition. McGraw Hill/Irwin.

Lewin, B., Giovannucci, D., & Varangis, P. (2004). Coffee markets: New paradigms in global supply and demand (Agriculture and Rural Development Discussion Paper 3 No. 28300).

Manzo, J. (2010). Coffee, connoisseurship, and an ethnomethodologically-informed sociology of taste. Human Studies, 33(2–3), 141–155.

Nugroho, A. (2016). Economic analysis on production changes, market integration and export challenges of coffee sector in Indonesia. Kyoto University. Retrieved from

Pendergrast, M. (2010). Uncommon grounds: The history of coffee and how it transformed our world. (revised ed). New York: Basic Books.

Pesaran, M. H., Shin, Y., & Smith, R. J. (2001). Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 16(3), 289–326.

Pokorna, I., & Smutka, L. (2010). What is the structure of the coffee market: Can the real poor benefit from the coffee trade? AGRIS on-Line Papers in Economics and Informatics, 2(2), 27–37.

Rahman, S. N. A. (2010). Malaysian coffee culture: A research of social aspect, branding and design. Universiti Teknologi Mara, Selangor, Malaysia.

Samper, M., & Fernando, R. (2003). Historical statistics of coffee production and trade from 1700 to 1960. In W. G. Clarence-Smith & S. Topik (Eds.), The global coffee economy in Africa, Asia, and Latin América, 1500-1989 (pp. 411–462). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Economic Journal of Emerging Markets (EJEM) is accredited by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (RISTEKDIKTI), No. 30/E/KPT/2018. It is currently indexed in:

Emerging Source Citation Index Clarivate AnalyticsREPEC (Econpapers)EBSCO, ProQuestDirectory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)Cite FactorSinta (Science and Technology Index)IPI (Indonesian Publication Index)OCEC WorldCatHarvard LibraryThe Univesity of ManchesterUniversity of OxfordGoogle ScholarAsean Citation IndexDimensions - Digital Science

  Harvard Library   Google Scholar     Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)   WorldCat  Harvard Library  University of Oxford    

 Creative Commons License
Economic Journal of Emerging Markets by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.