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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The Author(s) ensure(s) the person/s named above are the author/s of the Work titled as above
  • The Author(s) ensure(s) the manuscript has been restructured following the submission guidelines provided by the Editors before submitting the manuscript.
  • The Author(s) ensure(s) the manuscript is an original work.
  • The Author(s) ensure(s) the manuscript has not been published in other publications.
  • Authors ensure if the manuscript has never been submitted or under review to another journal.
  • The Author(s) ensure(s) the manuscript is free from plagiarism. “Plagiarism” includes claiming another’s paper as author’s own paper, copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper without proper citation, or claiming results of research conducted by others.
  • The Author(s) ensure(s) their manuscript does not contain any libellous matter or infringe any copyright or other intellectual property rights or any other rights of any third party.
  • The Author(s) will inform immediately the Editor or publisher if there is a significant error in the published piece.
  • The author (s) grant (s) the power to the Editor to change or edit the manuscript, and any changes or edits have not substantively changed the meaning of the original article.



A. General Rules

  1. The manuscript has never been previously published in other printed media.
  2. Except for the Abstract, the entire manuscript shall be typed in Times New Roman font style, 12 pt size and with 1.5 spaces on A4-sized paper by using the Microsoft Word.
  3. The length of the manuscript must be between 6.000 to 8.000 words, including the abstract acknowledgement, as well as the reference list.
  4. The headings and the sub-headings must be typed in bold, and the first letter of each word must be in capital.
  5. The manuscript must be written with English and it is permissible in Arabic with the correct and appropriates standards of foreign language usage.
  6. The articles published in this journal shall be the results of legal research in its various aspects.
  7. The article should be sent to editorial board on email ........


B. Systematics of the Writing

The writing of the manuscript shall be presented in accordance to the following systematics:

  1. Title: the title is written in bold, in Times New Roman style, 14 pt size and preferably no more than 15 words.
  2. Author’s name: author’s name shall be written without academic nor professional title
  3. Institution: author’s affiliation and position.
  4. Author’s e-mail: official or professional correspondence of the author.
  5. Abstract: stated briefly in one paragraph, italicized, in 12 font size, single space, and no more than 250 words. The abstract shall be clear, concise, and descriptive. The abstract shall be written in English. The abstract shall contain: (1) the background of the problem; (2) the research question; (3) how the problem or question is analized; and (4) the result of the analysis on the problem and the recomendation suggested.
  6. Key words: provide 3 to 5 specific conceptual words or phrases, in alphabetical order, italicized and separated by comma, written with double spaces after the abstract in English.
  7. Introduction: In introduction, the author has to provide background, and (research) question(s). The author is allowed to add new points that might support the manuscript. The introduction contains (an) issue(s) that will be discussed in the manuscript. In the background, the author needs to explain the reason why the study is conducted and followed by a short theoretical framework, previous studies, which are related to the matter. The limitation of the study is also included in the background so the reader might know the scope of the article. The body text is in English with the following condition: Times New Roman font style in 12 pt size, 1.5 space, and justified paragraph. The body text may also be written in Arabic.
  8. Problem(s) formulation: The problem formulation must consist of minimum one research question (research problem). The formulation of the problem must be brief, clear and concise, and there is a conformity with the title of the study. It is highly advised that the problem formulation is not to be made in a manner that reflects any sorts of descriptive study.
  9. Methodology: Emphasize on the methodology used by the author with comprehensive explanation. It also includes writing approaches (if any).
  10. Discussion and Results: For author whose article is based on research, the manuscript should cover the results of the research and followed by the discussion. The result should provide the complete data of the findings in form of table or chart, then followed by the explanation for each findings. For author whose article is a conceptual analysis, the discussion of the article is presented thoroughly and clearly here.

    The sub-headings in this section shall be in accordance with the number of problem(s) formulation presented.

    For a more specific rules on the presentation of figure and/or table, please refer to the Template provided.

  11. Conclusion: The conclusion provides a brief explanation for the readers about the answer to the objective(s) of the manuscript. The explanation should be clear and concise. At this point, the author(s) might add the implementation of the findings and suggestions.
  12. Acknowledgement: A brief note indicating gratitude to those who have been of help (either persons or institutions) to the author during the research and the writing process, for instance by supporting it financially or by giving feedback on the text during its composition and revising stages. For more detailed rules on Acknowledgement, please refer to the Template provided.
  13. References: References lists all books, journal articless, papers, either printed or online, cited in the manuscript which is arranged alphabetically in OSCOLA Referencing Guide. For more detail, please see the referencing rules below.


C. Referencing

  1. Every citation should specify the complete source and written by footnote system under OSCOLA Referencing Guide (see Annex 1).
  2. General referencing guide for the manuscript shall consider the following:
    • Using only the past 5-year-old references, with the minimum proportion of journal articles to be 50% out of the total references; and
    • Citing online/internet-based sources is only permissible if cited from accountable sources, such as internationally-recognized journals, as well as official websites of the government bodies and/or private institutions.
  3. For the matter of efficiency, it is highly advised for the authors to utilize the Zotero application in the making of the footnotes and the final References list.