Hubungan Antara Jarak Titik-Titik Craniometri Pada Neurocranium Dengan Index Cranialis Pada Ras Mongolid (Suatu Kajian Craniometri pada Koleksi Tulang di Laboratorium Anatomi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada)

Zainuri Sabta Nugraha, Santosa Budiharja, Mansyur Romi

Abstract

Subject Research consisted of 35 men cranium and 5 woman cranium. Variable in this research is consisted of the cranial index (IC) as kriterium variable. As prediktor variable is distance of dots craniometri of the neurocranium that is apart the glabella-opisthocranion (g-op), apart the intereurion (eu-eu). Apart the bregma-lambda (b-1), apart the nasion-bregma (n-b), apart the lambda-ophistion (l-o), apart the basion-opsthion (ba-o), wide of foramen magnum (lfm), apart the porion-pterion (po-pt), apart the zygion-porion ( zy-po), maximal distance of biporion (po-po) and apart the basion bregma (ba-b). Data obtained to be divided to become 3 group subject [of] pursuant to gender and had analysed with the single correlation from pearson, then continued with the simple regresion analysis. Result of research show the existence of correlation between some distance of craniometri dots of the neurocranium with the cranial index and also with the component of the cranialis index in each group subject. Group I. Aim to to know the cranial index when we found some fragment of cranium which can be known the its men gender. The best Regresion formula is: IC = 157, 6091 – 4,4692 g-op; IC = 5,7271 + 5,5499 eu-eu; PMC = 12,7135 + 0,3712 n-b; PMC = 5,3154 + 0,8793 ba-b; LMC = 10,1381 + 0,3377 n-b. Group II. To know the cranial index when we found some fragment of cranium which can be known the its woman gender. The best Regresion formula is: IC = - 32,5379 + 8,5648 eu-eu; PMC = 5,5436 + 1,1168 l-o; LMC = 23,4419 – 0,9661 b-l. Group III. Aim to to know the cranial index when we found unknown fragment of cranium of its gender. The best Regresion formula can be used is: IC = 157,9472 – 4,5067 g-op; IC = 5,4898 + 5,5912 eu-eu; PMC = 5,2800 + 0,8799 ba-b; LMC = 7,8257 + 0,5312 po-po.
 
Kata Kunci: Craniometri, Neurocranium, dan Index Cranialis

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PPST DPPM Universitas Islam Indonesia

ISSN: 1410-2315