Main Article Content


Innovative behavior is considered a critical and essential factor for companies in the
world of work. This study aims to determine the extent to which psychological empowerment
influences the innovative behavior of employees working in pharmaceutical companies, with
transformational leadership and transactional leadership as moderators. The research subjects
were 115 employees from various pharmaceutical companies across ten cities in Indonesia.
Innovative behavioral scales, psychological empowerment scales, transformational leadership
scales, and transactional leadership scales were used to collect the data. Subgroup analysis and
moderated regression analysis were used to analyze the data. The results show that
transformational leadership has a higher score compared to transactional leadership. This result
indicates that the hypothesis is accepted. Namely, that psychological empowerment is related
to innovative behavior. Specifically, the correlation between variables showed that
transformational leadership has a more substantial effect than transactional leadership

Keywords: innovative behavior; psychological empowerment; transactional leadership; transformational leadership.

Article Details

Author Biography

Erika Setyanti Kusumaputri, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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