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Very few studies on children's aggression conducted in the Eastern
culture, even though studies on children's aggression in the Western
culture are numerous. This study attempted to examine the roles of
various childrearing practices and temperament of children in contribut­
ing to children's aggression in Javanese culture. Fifty-eight preschool
children and their mothers participated in this study. Data were col­
lected by means of school and home observation, and interview with
the mothers. Level of maternal education, nurturant of the mothers,
and several types of temperament of the children significantly predicted
children's aggression.

Key Words: Child-rearing practice, temperament of children, children's aggression

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