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Pilot studies revealed that a great deal of psychological problems In
adolescence stem from lack of self-confidence. The studies also found ·
that peer groups could function both as social support and as a change
agent tor adolescent. Those findings suggested that group conseling
can be used as an alternative intervention to improve self-confidence
among adolescents.
The present study tested the efficacy of group counseling in in­
creasing adolescents' self-confidence. Twenty two students of SMA PIRI
I Yogyakarta who exhibited lack of self-confidence participated in the
experimental and control groups. Each group consisted of 11 students.
Self-confidence, self-concept, and self-esteem were the dependent
measure. Testing were administered 4 times, before treatment, right
after treatment, one month after treatment and three months after treat­
ment. Behavioral changes were observed through daily record as well
as-observer's rating of subjects behavior during counseling sessions.
T-test with gain scores indicated that the Increase in confidence
differed significantly between experimental and control groups (t = 5.01;
p < 0.05). Experimental group (( = 28.64) showed higher increase in
self-confidence than control group (( = 1.27). The same pattern was
shown for self-concept and self-esteem measures. Behavioral rating
scale Indicated an increase In self-confidence among subjects of ex­
perimental group.
Key words: Self-Confidence - Adolescence - Group Counseling.

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