Diffusion Bonding Material Tungsten-Baja dengan Interlayer Ag-4% Cu
Based on the result of shear test, initial pressure 48-144MPa has positive effect to the shear strength. Likewise by improving temperature of heating, it will improve the shear strength. The optimal shear strength is obtained at the temperature 9500C with maximal shear strength is 165 MPa and its bonding ratio 85%. The temperature 9500C and pressure of 144 MPa diffusion bonding has been successfully done with the heating time of 15 minute.
Optical and stereomicroscopy on fracture surface after shear testing of the samples reveal tran granular fracture occur at the interlayer. Microstructure analysis at the interlayer reveals in variation microstructure as function of temperature, initial pressure, and heating time. The thickness of interlayer decrease with increasing the temperature, initial pressure and heating time. Other wise, the thickness of grain boundary and second phase area increase with the increasing the temperature, initial pressure and heating time. Based on the SEM/EDS examination, the element of Fe has the dominant distribution.
There is accumulation of the element Fe on the limit area with tungsten. The distribution of the element of W, Ag and Fe increase with the increasing the heating time. Diffusivity of some atoms has been calculated based on SEM data at the interlayer. At 9500C, the diffusivity among the element of atom namely are D Ag to Fe= 0,00195 ïm2s-1, D Fe to Ag=0,02364 ïm2s-1, DAg to W=0,0061 ïm2s-1 , and DW to Ag= 0,025034 ïm2s-1.
Keywords: Diffusion Bonding, material, Tungsten, steel, interlayer.
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