Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi, Vol 1, No 2 (2004)

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EFEK FRAKSI LARUT AIR EKSTRAK ETANOL 50% KEMUNING (Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack) TERHADAP BERAT BADAN TIKUS BETINA DIET LEMAK TINGGI

Suwijiyo Pramono, Agung Endro Nugroho, Crisna Wardhani

Abstract


ABSTRACT
Obesity is considered as a health problem that can promote the risks of getting disease, being
not active and death. In some developing countries, many traditional therapies are applied for some
diseases, including obesity. Kemuning (Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack) has been commonly known
as slimming potion. In present, kemuning leaf is used as ingredient of traditional medicine formula,
indicated as slimming potion. Former researcher mentioned that 30% ethanol-bemusing extract had
been able to reduce trigliserid content in the blood reduce cholesterol content in blood serum of
male Wistar furrow white rat (Rattus norvegicus). This research is proposed to examine the effect of
water soluble fraction of 50% ethanol-kemuning extract to female Wistar furrow white rat body
weight which given high fat diet and to compare the effect with anorextica (mazindol). Tested
animal are divided into 6 groups, each group contain 5 rats. Group I as negative control is given
0,5% CMC Na solution. Group II as positive control is given 0,27 mg/kgBody Weight mazindol
suspension. Group III is given 50% ethanol-kemuning extract suspension with 475 mg/kg BW
dosage. Group IV is given watersoluble fraction suspension of kemuning extract dosage I that is
145 mg/kgBW. Group V is given watersoluble fraction suspension of kemuning extract dosage II
that is 295 mg/kgBW. Group VI is given dose III that is 585 mg/kgBW. The suspension is given
orally with repeated dosage. Data collected are the increase of body weight, woof consumption and
drinking consumption. Body weight and woof consumption increases are analyzed by one-way
Anava with 90% significancy level. Research result shows that water soluble fraction of 50%
ethanol-kemuning extract with 585 mg/kgBW dosage and positive control (mazindol) are able to
obstruct rat body weight increase significancy (p < 0,10) compared to negative control group.

Keys word : Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack, obesity, antiobesity


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