Preliminary Study of Photocatalytic Degradation of Methylene Blue Dye using Magnetic Alginate/Fe3O4 (Alg/Fe3O4) Nanocomposites

Ganjar Fadillah, Muhamad Allan Serunting

Abstract

The Magnetic compound, Fe3O4, is one of the compounds that is easily hydrolyzed and oxidized. A coating method was presented in this study to prevent the process. The modifications of Fe3O4 were carried out by supporting alginate as natural polymers on the surface of Fe3O4. Preparation of magnetic alginate/Fe3O4 (Alg/Fe3O4) nanocomposite has been successfully synthesized. Alg/Fe3O4 material was synthesized using the coprecipitation method with Fe2+; Fe3+ (with molar ratio 1:2) and alginate 1% as precursors. Synthesized Alg/Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), DelsaTM Nano C Particle Analyzer, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS). The Alg/Fe3O4 has an average diameter of 13.70 nm. Photodegradation test of synthetic methylene blue (MB) dye was found at pH 5.0 and irradiation time under UV245 for 60 minutes. The degradation results showed that the percentage of MB dye removal reached more than 90%.

Keywords

Alginate; Fe3O4; Methylene blue; Nanocomposites; Photocatalytic

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Eksakta: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu MIPA
Journal of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

ISSN 1411-1047 (print), ISSN 2503-2364 (online)
Published by: 
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta

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Jurnal EKSAKTA is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0

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