Decreasing in Acid Number of Patchouli Oil by Different Natural Adsorbent and Variation of Contact Time

Tri Esti Purbaningtias, Bayu Wiyantoko, Puji Kurniawati, Mustika Kusuma Sari

Abstract

One way for improving (of improving atau to improve) the quality of patchouli oil was to reduce the acid number. Acid number could be reduced with the use of natural adsorbents. The decreasing percentage acid number of patchouli oils using adsorbents zeolites, bentonite, rub ash, and activated carbon, respectively 4.71 %; 1.45%; 7,84%; and 4.64%. The contact time could influence the decrease in acid number of patchouli oil. The longer the contact between adsorbent and oil could caused a decrease in acid number. Maximum contact time for rub ash was 15 hours with a maximum adsorption capacity of 14,34% for 0.1 gram adsorbent

Keywords

Patchouli oil, acid number, natural adsorbent, contact time

Full Text:

pdf

References

Bassett, J., 1994,Buku Ajar Vogel Kimia Analisis Kuantitatif Anorganik. Penerbit buku Kedokteran EGC, Jakarta

Folleto, E. L., Ederson, G., Leonardo, H. O., Sergio, J., 2006, Conversion of Rice Hulk Ash Into Sodium Silicate, Material Research, 9(3), 335-338

Kemendag, 2011,Laporan Akhir Tahun Kementrian Perdagangan, Kementerian Perdagangan Republik Indonesia (Kemendag RI), Jakarta

Manullang, M., dan Sacra F., 1995, Pemanfaatan Abu Sekam Padi Sebagai Pemucat Minyak Kelapa, Minyak Wijen, dan Menyak Kelapa Sawit, Buletin Teknik dan Industri Pangan, 6, 27-36

Sastrohamidjojo, H., 2004,Minyak Atsiri,UGM Press, Yogyakarta

Sariadi, 2012, Pemurnian Minyak Nilam dengan Proses Adsorpsi Menggunakan Bentonit,Jurnal Teknologi, 12(2), 100-104

Alam, P. N., 2007, Aplikasi Proses Pengkelatan untuk Peningkatan Mutu Minyak Nilam Aceh,Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia dan Lingkungan, 6(2), 63-66

Foletto, E.L., Volzone, C. dan Porto, L.M., 2006, Clarification of cotton seed oil: how structural properties of treated bentonites by acid affect bleaching efficiency,Latin American Applied Research,36, 37-40

Topallar, H., 1998,The Adsorption Isotherms of the Bleaching ofSunflower-Seed Oil,Turkish Journal of Chemistry,22, 143-148.

Purwaningsih, S., Arung E.T., dan Muladi, S., 2000,Pemanfaatan Arang Aktif Cangkang Kelapa Sawit Sebagai Adsorben Pada Limbah Cair Kayu Lapis,Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda

Perdana, Y. S., Nirwani S., Supriyantini, E., 2012, Pengaruh Kadar Abu Gosok Selama Perebusan Dan Lama Perendaman Air Terhadap Kadar Tanin Buah Dan Tepung Mangrove (Avicennia marina),Journal of Marine Research, 1, 226-234

Pembayun, R., 2000, Hydro Cyanic Acid and Organoleptic Test on Gadung Instant Rice from Various Methods of Detcsification,Seminar Nasional Industri Pangan,13, 97-107

Reynold, T. D., 1982,Unit Operations And Processes In Environmental Engineering, Brooks/Cole Engineering Division Monterey, California.

SNI, 2006,Minyak Nilam (06-2385-2006), Badan Standarisasi Nasional, Jakarta.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Eksakta: Journal of Sciences and Data Analysis

E-ISSN 2720-9326 and P-ISSN 2716-0459
Published by: 
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta

Creative Commons License

Jurnal EKSAKTA is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0

Stats