Effect of Adding 1,4-Butanediol and Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) 1000 to the Ease of Bioplastic Biodegradation from Jackfruit Beans (Artocarpus heterophyllus)

Argo Khoirul Anas, Nanang Rudianto Ariefta, Yuni Nurfiana, Eli Rohaeti


The influences of plasticizer on the biodegradability of bioplastic film synthesized from starch obtained from jackfruit seeds with a help of Acetobacter xylinum were investigated. In this study, 1,4-butanediol and polyethylene glycol (PEG) 1000 were used as plasticizer. The biodegradation behavior of the resulted bioplastic films was characterized by calculating changes in their mass loss and rate of mass loss. The Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was also conducted to analyze theirfunctional group. The results shows that all the bioplastic films were well biodegradated, where PEG 1000 with concentration of 0,5% and 1,0% can successfully improve the biodegradability of bioplastic film. Meanwhile, the used of 1,4-butanediol with concentration of 0,5% and 1,0% can increase and decrease the biodegradability of sample, respectively.


Acetobacter xylinum; Jackfruit Seeds; Bioplastic; Plasticizer

Full Text:



Choi, E.J., Kim, C.H. and Park, J.K., 1999.Synthesis and characterization ofstarch-g-polycaprolactonecopolymer. Macromolecules, 32(2),pp.7402-7408.

Da Róz, A.L., Carvalho, A.J.F., Gandini, A. and Curvelo, A.A.S., 2006. The effect of plastisizers on thermoplastik starch compositions obtained by melt processing. Carbohydrate Polimers, 63(3), pp.417-424.

Handayani, P.A. dan Wijayanti, H., 2015. Pembuatan Film Plastik Biodegradable dari Limbah Biji Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.).Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan, 4(1), pp.21-26.

Hassan, E.A., Abdelhady, H.M., El-Salam, S.S.A. and Abdullah, S.M.2015. The Characterization of Bacterial Cellulose Produced by Acetobacter xylinum and Komgataeibacter saccharovorans under Optimized Fermentation Conditions. BritishMicrobiology ResearchJournal, 9(3).

Mohammad, S.M., Rahman, N.A., Khalil, M.S. and Abdullah, S.R.S. 2014. An Overview of Biocellulose Production Using Acetobacter xylinum Culture.Advances in Biological Research, 8(6), pp.307-313.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Eksakta: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu MIPA
Journal of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

ISSN 1411-1047 (print), ISSN 2503-2364 (online)
Published by: 
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta

Creative Commons License

Jurnal EKSAKTA is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0