Regional financial inclusion and poverty: Evidence from Indonesia

Iwan Fathi Fauzan, Muhammad Firdaus, Sahara Sahara


This paper builds a financial inclusion index of thirty-three provinces in Indonesia from formal financial institutions banks. It aim at analyzing how the financial inclusion index relates to regional poverty using a spatial panel econometric approach. Findings/Originality: The results show that the average financial inclusion index of each province in Indonesia is still in a low category, and there is a financial system development inequality between DKI Jakarta Province and other regions. We also find that poverty has a significant negative effect on the financial inclusion index. With the recent migration of residents as a spatial weighting matrix, we decompose the global effect of the poverty variable on the financial inclusion index into a local effect for each province.


financial inclusion index, poverty, spatial panel econometrics

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