Analisis kandungan bahan kimia obat natrium diklofenak dalam jamu pegal linu yang dijual di Kota Mataram

Elliya Rosyada, Handa Muliasari, Emmy Yuanita

Abstract

Intisari

Latar Belakang: Dioscorea alata L. sebagai salah satu sumber pati perlu dipelajari untuk pengembangan potensial sebagai tablet disintegran.

Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik dan potensi pati Dioscorea alata L. sebagai bahan disintegran tablet.

Metode: Analisis karakteristik meliputi proksimat, kandungan amilosa, morfologi granular, kristalinitas, kekuatan pengembangan, dan pengikatan kapasitas air. Studi potensial sebagai disintegran dilakukan dengan merumuskan tablet piroksikam menggunakan pati Dioscorea alata L.. Evaluasi sifat-sifat disintegran dilakukan dengan uji disintegrasi, uji kerapuhan, uji kekerasan, dan uji disolusi tablet.

Hasil: Berdasarkan studi karakteristik pati Dioscorea alata L., kadar air, abu, protein, dan lemak masing-masing adalah 13,08%, 0,23%, 1,43%, dan 0,81%. Kemudian, Amilosa adalah 18,08%. Daya bengkak dan pengikatan kapasitas air menunjukkan 1,21 dan 3,31. Analisis morfologi granular menunjukkan bentuk ellipsoid dan bola. Kristal pati menunjukkan bentuk semikristal dengan pola kristal ortorombik. Uji disintegrasi tablet menunjukkan bahwa formula I dan II, memiliki waktu hancur 3,50 dan 4,25. Uji kelayakan formula I dan formula II adalah 0,011% dan 0,008%. Uji kekerasan Formula I dan Formula II menunjukkan 5kg dan 6kg. Uji disolusi Formula I dan Formula II menunjukkan 88,85% dan 85,58%.

Kesimpulan: Dari hasil tersebut, pati Dioscorea alata L. berpotensi sebagai bahan penghancur tablet

Kata kunci: Dioscorea alata L., tablet, disintegrant, pati, bahan baku


Analysis of Diclofenac as drug chemical in jamu for rheumatism sold in Mataram city

Abstract  

Background: Dioscorea alata L is one of the starch sources needs to be studied for potential development as a tablet disintegrant.

Objective: The aims of the research are to determine  the characteristic of Dioscorea alata L.starch and to find out the potential astablet disintegrant material.

Method: Characteristic analysis include are proximate, amylose content, granular morphology, crystallinity, swelling power, and water capacity binding. The potential study as disintegrant  was performed by formulating a piroxicam tablet using  Dioscorea alata L.starch. Evaluation of thedisintegrant properties was performed by disintegration test,friability test, hardness test, and dissolution test of the tablets.

Results: Based on the characteristic study of Dioscorea alata L.starch, water, ash, protein, and fat contents are 13.08%, 0.23%, 1.43%, and 0.81%, respectively. Then, Amylose is 18.08%. Swelling power and water capacity binding  shows 1.21 and 3.31.Glanular morphology analysis showsellipsoid and spherical form. Thecrystallinity of the starch shows assemicrystal form withorthorhombic crystal pattern. Tablet disintegration test shows that formula I and II, has disintegration time 3.50 and 4.25. Friability test of formula I and formula II is 0.011% and 0.008%. Hardness test of Formula I and Formula II shows 5kg and 6kg.  Dissolution test of Formula I and formula II shows 88.85% and 85.58%.

Conclusion: Over the results, the Dioscorea alata L. starch has the potential as the tablet disintegrant material

Keywords: Dioscorea alata L., tablet, disintegrant, starch, raw material

 

 

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Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi (JIF) is currently indexed by:

          

Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi (JIF)
Published by:
Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Science,
Universitas Islam Indonesia.

Print ISSN 1693-8666, Online ISSN 2657-1420

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JIF at  http://journal.uii.ac.id/JIF/ is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.