Karakteristik Pasien Epilepsi di RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul Periode Januari - Desember 2009
Background: Epilepsy is a disorder characterized by recurrent seizures originating from the brain, which affects an episode of sensory, motor or autonomic phenomena with or without loss of consciousness. Epilepsy is the second most common occurrence chronic neurological conditions by a neurologist.
Objective: The objective of study is to measure the distribution of characteristics of epilepsy patie11t in general hospital in Bantu/ Senopati Panembahan.
Methods: This study is a retrospective observational descriptive analytic cross sect1ona/ design. Samples were taken from the population of all patients with epilepsy who went into the inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Results: Of 188 patients diagnosed with epilepsy as much as men (51.1%) and females (48.9%). Epilepsy is also the most widely attacked age <15 years (55.3) who are mostly students (47.9). type of attack is the most recurrent types of attacks (87.8%) while the most common type is generalized epilepsy (17.6%). focal (4.8%) and type of epilepsy that are not classified (77. 7%) Types of drugs used for epilepsy treatment is phenytoin (84 0%) and the pattern of the therapy is monotherapy (78. 7%). Epilepsy risk factors are history of CNS infection (3. 7%), history of head trauma (122. 8%). and a history of epilepsy in the family (3. 7%). Based on chi square analysis of age of epilepsy has a statistically significant relationship with head trauma (P<0.05).
Conclusion: The characteristics of epilepsy patients in general hospital in Senopati Panembahan Bantu/ occur most commnly in men, most aged <15 years, the majority of students. Type of attack is the most widely repeated attacks and type epilepsy is generalized. Treatment with the pattern of use of phenytoin monotherapy. Risk factors of incidence of epilepsy is the age and history of head trauma