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Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is among the diseases with high morbidity and mortality The pathogenesis of DM involves pancreatic ß-cell damage or insulin sensitivity disorder that result in hyperglycemia. Tapak liman (Elephantopus scaber L) is known to have high flavonoid content. Flavonoids are antioxidants that play a role in reducing pancreatic ß-cell damage or damage to other tissues, which potentially reduce blood glucose levels.
Objective: To determine the hypoglycemic effects of tapak liman using the DM rat models.
Methods: Twenty-eight Wistar albino rats (Rattus novergicus) were divided into four groups: the normal control group (KKn), not induced by streptozotocin-nicotinamide (STZ-NA) intraperitoneal; negative control group (KK-), induced by STZ-NA; treatment group 1 (KP1), induced by STZ-NA and 150 mg/kg body weight of tapak liman plant extract; and the treatment group 2 (KP2), induced by STZ-NA and 300 mg/kg body weight of tapak liman. Blood glucose levels were measured on the 7th day after STZ-NA induction and the 28th day after the administration of tapak liman plant extract. The results were analyzed for statistical significance.
Results: There was a significant decrease in blood glucose levels in KP1 and KP2 (p= 0.05). The decrease in blood glucose in KP1 had not reached normal levels compared to KP2.
Conclusion: Administration of tapak liman plant extract at a dose of 300 mg/kg body weight in DM rat models reduced blood glucose levels to normal.


Elephantopus scaber L flavanoid DM rat model

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How to Cite
Sholikah, T. A., Wulandari, S., Ariesta, I., Hakim, M. A. R., & Hafizhan, M. (2020). The hypoglicemic effects of tapak liman (Elephantopus scaber L) plant extract on albino rat (Rattus novergicus) models of diabetes mellitus. JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan Indonesia, 11(2), 172–179.


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