Diphtery Outbreak in Indonesia in 2017

Asri Hendrawati


No Abstract

Full Text:



Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Imunisasi efektif cegah difteri [Internet]. 2017. Available from: http://www.depkes.go.id

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). Preventing tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis among adolescents: use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccines [Internet]. Atlanta; 2006. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Volume 55). Report No.: RR-17. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/rr/rr5517.pdf

Wagner KS, White JM, Lucenko I, Mercer D, Crowcroft NS, S N, et al. Diphtheria in the postepidemic period, Europe, 2000-2009. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2012;18(2):217–25.

Wagner KS, White JM, Crowcroft NS, De Martin S, Mann G, Efstratiou A. Diphtheria in the United Kingdom, 1986-2008: The increasing role of Corynebacterium ulcerans. Epidemiology and Infection. 2010;138(11):1519–30.

Sangal V, Nieminen L, Weinhardt B, Raeside J, Tucker NP, Florea CD, et al. Diphtheria-like disease caused by toxigenic Corynebacterium ulcerans strain. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2014;20(7):1257–8.

MacGregor RR. Corynebacterium diphtheriae. In: Mandell GL, Bennet JE, Dolin R, editors. Principles and practice of infectious diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Churchill Livinstone; 2010. p. 2687.

Heymann David L. Diphtheria. In: Heymann David L, editor. Control of communicable diseases manual. 20th ed. Washington: American Public Health Association; 2014. p. 150–5.

American Academy of Pediatrics. Diphtheria. In: Pickering LK, Baker CJ, Kimberlin DW, SS L, editors. Red Book: 2012 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 29th ed. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2012. p. 307–11.