Main Article Content


This article discusses the role of religious education in shaping and developing the attitude of tolerance in the context of Indonesia’s diversity of race, ethnicity, culture, and religion. It argues that in a multi-religious society such as Indonesia, education should provide an overview and moral ideals of religion contextually. Educational process thus requires a review of rigid and less humanist religious doctrines that have been held so far. The plurality of religions and beliefs are no longer understood as the potential for unrest, but the potential to implement their teachings for the sake of humanity. It further argues that education has an important role to play in fostering early attitude, not only in accepting the existence of other religions, but also in cooperating with those who have different beliefs or religions. This means that education should enable the growth of the brotherhood in unity, so people can jointly build the world a new which is more meaningful for all humanity. Educational design should accommodate pluralist and tolerant attitude. This requires learning materials and teachers’ attitudes which are tolerant and pluralist as well.


Keywords: Religious Education, Diversity, Pluralism, Tolerance

Article Details


  1. Muhamad, Fauzi, “Peran Guru Agama Islam Menghadirkan Kedamaian dalam Keragaman (The Role of Islamic Religious Teachers in Bringing Peace in Diversity)," available at http: //, accessed on Wednesday, November 4, 2015.
  2. Lickona, Thomas, Educating for Character: How Our Schools Can Teach Respect and Responsibility, New York : Bantam Books., 1991.
  3. Ma'rifah, Indriyani, Rekonstruksi Pendidikan Agama Islam: Sebuah Upaya Membangun Kesadaran untuk Mereduksi Terorisme dan Radikalisme Islam (Reconstruction of Islamic Education: An Effort to Build Awareness for Reducing Terrorism and Islamic Radicalism)
  4. Mustaqim, Hana, cited from http: // yhanamedjaya., on day Friday November 13, 2015
  5. Nurdin, Diding, “Reformasi Pendidikan Menuju Masyarakat Madani (Education Reform Towards Civil Society)", available at mib = beritadetail & id = 34 248.
  6. Sanaky, Hujair AH, Pembaruan Pendidikan Islam: Paradigma, Tipologi, dan Pemetaan Menuju Masyarakat Madani Indonesia (Renewal of Islamic Education: Paradigm, Typology, and Mapping Towards Civil Society Indonesia), Yogyakarta : Kaukaba Dipantara, 2015.
  7. Sudarsono, Juwono, ICWA, discussion about "The Development of Education and Civil Society", Jakarta: March 9th, 1999.
  8. Tilaar, HAR, Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, dan Masyarakat Madani Indonesia (Education, Culture, and the Indonesian Civil Society), Bandung : Remaja Rosdakarya, 1999.
  9. Definisi pendidikan agama, pendidikan keagamaan dan pendidikan Islam (The definition of religion education, religious education and Islamic education)", available at
  10. Indonesian Government Regulation No. 55 Year 2007 regarding Religious Education and Religious Education, cited
  11. Language Centre of Ministry of Education, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, in KBBI / index.php,.