Faktor-faktor Penyebab Gerakan Sosial Mahasiswa

Andik Matulessy, Djamaluddin Ancok


 Recently, there are many social movements which arise in many parts of big city in Indonesia. These days, social movement, that is known as a demonstrasi or unjuk rasa seem to become a trend and very popular inside the society in order to get what they want but unreachable.

Most of these acts are pointed to the government, both in civil and military. While, the majorities that take apart in this social movement are the students from all universities, both state universities and the private ones. They are not only concern ing about political matter, but also con cerning about many social problems.

The objective of this research is to prove Orum's theory whichshows a causing factor of individual participation In doing a social movement that is determined with 6 important variable. They are: Political Trust, Political Efficacy, Unstructured Work Routine, Subjective Dissatisfaction, Subgroup Identification, and Self Esteem.

The subjects of this study were 139 students, male and female, both activist and non-activist that spread in many universities, both state and private in Yogyakarta and Surabaya. Seven scales were used for examinting the participation on social movement.

The result of data analyses by using Path Analysis, finds an output which fits with Orum's Theory, that is: There is a positive correlation between unstructured study routine and participation in the so cial movement (1); between subgroup iden tification and participation in the social movement (2). There is a negative correlation between subjective dissatisfaction and political trust (3). On aothe hand, another result that is not fit with the Orum's Theory are: There is no significat correlation between politi cal trust and participation in the social movement (4); between political efficacy and participation in the social movement (5); between subgroup identification 'and political trust (6); between self esteem and political efficacy (7). 

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