Main Article Content


Visiting religious tourism destinations to mosques is currently becoming a trend among Indonesians. Social changes in society in choosing religious tourism destinations are relevant topics for research. This study intends to explain the phenomenon of the transformation of religious tourism visit destinations from pilgrimages to the Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Solo. This study used a qualitative research method that uses data collection techniques through observation, interviews, and documentation. The data sources in this study are the community around the Sheikh Zayed Mosque, visitors, and managers of the Sheikh Zayed Mosque. The data were analyzed using data reduction techniques, data presentation, and conclusions. The empirical findings of this study have shown that there has been a shift in the goals of religious tourism destinations from those that used to be pilgrimages to tombs and have now shifted to visits to major mosques, one of which is the Sheikh Zayed Mosque. Based on the results and findings of this study, it can be concluded that transformation is closely related to the changes from one form to another. The findings of this study explain the process of transforming a religious tourism destination, which is usually a pilgrimage to a visit to the Sheikh Zayed Mosque. The existence of the Sheikh Zayed Mosque has been proven to have a better financial impact on the surrounding community.


Pilgrimage Religious Tourism Sheikh Zayed Mosque Tourism Destination Religious Transformation

Article Details

How to Cite
Adinugraha , H. H. ., & Shulthoni, M. (2024). Transformation of Religious Tourism Destinations from Pilgrimage to Mosques: A Case Study of the Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Solo, Indonesia. Millah: Journal of Religious Studies, 23(1), 1–38.


  1. Abu-Alhaija, A. S., Yusof, R. N. R., Hashim, H., & Jaharuddin, N. S. (2018). Determinants of customer loyalty : A review and future directions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 12(7), 106-111.

  2. Adinugraha, H. H., & Sartika, M. (2022). Halal tourism in Setanggor Village: An analysis of Global Muslim Travel Index Approach. The Seybold Report, 17(9), 582–599.

  3. Adinugraha, H. H., Sartika, M., & Isthika, W. (2018). Religious tourism in Nyatnyono Village Semarang. Islamic Studies Journal for Social Transformation, 2(2).

  4. Ali, S., Maharani, L., & Untari, D.T. (2019). Development of religious tourism in Bandar Lampung, Indonesia. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 8(5), Article 51.

  5. Altinay, L. & Arici, H. E. (2022). Transformation of the hospitality services marketing structure: a chaos theory perspective. Journal of Services Marketing, 36(5), 658–673.

  6. Aman, J., Abbas, J., Mahmood, S., Nurunnabi, M., & Bano, S. (2019). The influence of Islamic religiosity on the perceived socio-cultural impact of sustainable tourism development in Pakistan: A structural equation modeling approach. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(11), 3039.

  7. Anismar, Satria, D., & Ali, M. (2018). Religious tourism: Concept of community-based tourism in Aceh Singkil, Indonesia. Proceedings of MICoMS 2017 (Emerald Reach Proceedings Series, Vol. 1), 283–288, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  8. Arifin, S. (2020). Pola perubahan ziarah makam sebagai arena sosial [Changing patterns of grave pilgrimage as a social arena]. At-Taqaddum, 12(2), 135–154.

  9. Arsvendo, D., Khotimah, K., & Fitrianto, A. R. (2022). Pengembangan wisata religi sebagai pariwisata berkelanjutan di Kota Pasuruan [Development of religious tourism as sustainable tourism in Pasuruan City]. Jurnal Master Pariwisata (JUMPA), 9(1), 97-122.

  10. Bu, N., Fu, X., Kong, H., & Okumus, F. (2022). A transformation of the mainland Chinese market in Hong Kong’s tourism industry. Journal of China Tourism Research, 18(2), 294–315.

  11. Diskominfo Jateng. (2023). Masjid Syeikh Zayed hadiah Pangeran UEA bakal jadi wisata religi di Jateng [The Sheikh Zayed Mosque, a gift from the Prince of the UAE, will become a religious tourist attraction in Central Java].

  12. Fachrunnisa, O., Adhiatma, A., Lukman, N., & Majid, M. N. A. (2020). Towards SMEs’ digital transformation: The role of agile leadership and strategic flexibility. Journal of Small Business Strategy, 30(3), 65-85.

  13. Fauzi, H. (2023). Kilas balik 2022, Masjid Raya Sheikh Zayed dan persahabatan Indonesia – PEA [Flashback to 2022, Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque and Indonesia - UEA friendship].

  14. Fauziah, H. (2021). Strategi pengembangan wisata religi di Kabupaten Gresik: (Study kasus pada Makam Maulana Malik Ibrahim dan Makam Sunan Giri) [Strategy for developing religious tourism in Gresik Regency: (Case study at Maulana Malik Ibrahim's Tomb and Sunan Giri's Tomb)]. PRAJA Observer: Jurnal Penelitian Administrasi Publik , 1(1), 13–24.

  15. Fourie, J., Rosselló, J., & Santana-Gallego, M. (2015). Religion, religious diversity and tourism. Kyklos, 68(1), 51-56.

  16. Fournié, P. (2019). Rediscovering the Walisongo, Indonesia: A potential new destination for international pilgrimage. International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, 7(4), 77–86.

  17. Handono, S. Y. (2020). Transformasi sosial desa adat menjadi desa wisata Edelweis: Perpektif teori strukturisasi “Anthony Giddens” [Social transformation of traditional villages into Edelweiss tourist villages: The perspective of Anthony Giddens' structuring theory]. Agribusiness Journal, 13(2), 53–73.

  18. Handriana, T., Yulianti, P., & Kurniawati, M. (2020). Exploration of pilgrimage tourism in Indonesia. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 11(3), 783–795.

  19. Haryono, K., Gustri Wahyuni, E., & Fahreza, F. M. A. (2022). The mapping of mosque community to improve mosque engagement in community. ABDIMAS: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 4(2), 788-800.

  20. Hegazy, A., Diab, W., Hegazy, S., & Salama, H. (2020). An analytical study of the decorations of Sheikh Zayed mosque in the UAE for innovating decorative designs convenient for laser discharge on wedding dresses. International Design Journal, 10(4), 103-129.

  21. Huang, J., & Chu, J. (2020). Tourist experience at religious sites: A case study of the Chinese visiting the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque. Journal of China Tourism Research, 16(3), 447-471.

  22. Jaelani, E., Erdinaya, L. K., Rohanda, & Perbawasari, S. (2020). The religious meaning of equestrian and archery sport tourism: A phenomenological analysis. Geojournal of Tourism and Geosites, 28(1), 246–256.

  23. Jilcha Sileyew, K. (2020). Research design and methodology. In E. Abu-Taieh, A. El Mouatasim, & I. H. Al Hadid (Eds.), Cyberspace.

  24. Kadri. (2022). Religion and tourism: Promoting inclusive Islam in Lombok Island, Indonesia. Studia Islamika, 29(2), 333–357.

  25. Kasdi, A., Nashirudin, M., Farida, U., & Praatmana, N. D. (2021). Potential of Kudus as a new international pilgrimage destination in Indonesia: Halal tourism optimising local wisdom. International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, 9(1), 96–105.

  26. Kemalasari, A. S., & Sugiri, A. (2023). Persepsi masyarakat dalam pengembangan destinasi wisata religi Kota Semarang (Kajian kuantitatif di kawasan Masjid Besar Kauman) [Community perception in the development of religious tourism destinations in Semarang City (Quantitative study in the Kauman Great Mosque area)]. Tataloka, 25(2), 81–94.

  27. Kemenparekraf/Baparekraf RI. (2023). Wisata religi sambil mengagumi keindahan arsitektur masjid di Indonesia [Religious tourism while admiring the beauty of mosque architecture in Indonesia]. Berita.

  28. Khan, H.-U. (1990). The architecture of the mosque, an overview and design directions. In H. Salam (Ed.), Expressions of Islam in buildings. Concept Media/The Aga Khan Award for Architecture.

  29. Khotimah, N., & Sadewo, F. X. S. (2017). Perubahan sosial masyarakat Tebuireng setelah adanya wisata religi makam Gus Dur [Social changes in the Tebuireng community after the religious tourism of Gus Dur's grave]. Paradigma, 5(3), 1–7.

  30. Kuncoro, D. D. (2019). Transformasi adaptif Kampung Wisata Prawirotaman melalui pendekatan environmental competence [Adaptive transformation of the Prawirotaman Tourism Village through an environmental competence approach]. [Bachelor’s thesis, Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata AMPTA Yogyakarta].

  31. Lasttio, R. (2023). Masjid sebagai destinasi wisata religi [Mosque as a religious tourism destination].

  32. Li, M. (2022). Correlation degree analysis of tourism and economic growth based on computable general equilibrium model. Journal of Mathematics, Special Issue, Article ID 4275698.

  33. Lopez-Gonzalez, J. L. (2018). Exploring discourse ethics for tourism transformation. Tourism, 66(3), 269–281.

  34. Marlina, Y. (2019). Strategi pengembangan masjid berbasis wisata religi di Kota Palembang Provinsi Sumatera Selatan [Strategy for developing mosques based on religious tourism in Palembang City, South Sumatra Province]. [Bachelor’s thesis, IAIN Bengkulu].

  35. Mawarni, A. A. & Puspitasari. (2020). Optimizing religious tourism as tourism attractions for cultural resilience (A case study of religious tourism in Pangeran Jayakarta sanctuary). Journal of Strategic and Global Studies, 3(2), 60-72.

  36. Narulita, S., Aulia, R. N., Mardhiah, I., & Syasyadin, E. (2019). Religious tourism and community economic development potential (Luar Batang Mosque cases in DKI Jakarta, Indonesia). Proceedings of the International Conference on Innovation in Research (ICIIR 2018) – Section: Economics and Management Science, 187–189.

  37. Nassar, M. A., Mostafa, M. M., & Reisinger, Y. (2015). Factors influencing travel to Islamic destinations: An empirical analysis of Kuwaiti nationals. International Journal of Culture, Tourism, and Hospitality Research, 9(1), 36-53.

  38. Perdana, F., Adinugraha, H. H., & Sartika, M. (2020). “Masjid Kapal” tourism destination as estetic expression media of Semarang City society. Tsaqofah & Tarikh: Jurnal Sejarah dan Kebudayaan, 5(2), 23–32.

  39. Perkasa, G. S. (2022). Lokasi alamat Masjid Raya Sheikh Zayed Surakarta Solo [Location address of the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, Surakarta, Solo]. Indonewstoday.Com.

  40. Prakoso, A. A. (2022). Transformasi desa wisata [Transformation of tourist villages]. Pena Persada. Desa Wisata - Aditha Agung Prakoso.pdf

  41. Pung, J., Gnoth, J., & Del Chiappa, G. (2020). Tourist transformation: Towards a conceptual model. Annals of Tourism Research, 81(11),  102885.

  42. Purwanto, A. K. A., & Rahardjo, T. (2023). The narration of convenient public services at the Sheikh Zayed Solo Grand Mosque in online media. Kalijaga Journal of Communication, 5(1), 57-73.

  43. Rahman, M. T. & Anwar, R. K. (2022). The development potential for local communities of religious tourists visiting sacred graves. International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, 10(2), 47–59.

  44. Raya, M. K. F. (2022). Wali Pitu in Bali: Inventing new halal tourism destinations in contemporary Indonesia. Contemporary Islam, 16(2), 475–505.

  45. Riyanto, W. F. (2023). Moderation between religious freedom and harmony concerning the regulation on mosque loudspeaker: Comparison between Indonesia and other Muslim countries. Muslim World Journal of Human Rights, 20(1), 69-96.

  46. Salvatore, R. Chiodo, E., & Fantini, A. (2018). Tourism transition in peripheral rural areas: Theories, issues and strategies. Annals of Tourism Research, 68, 41–51.

  47. Sam, M., & Ramadhani, S. Q. (2022). Unsur nirupa arsitektur Islam pada Masjid Agung Syekh Zayed [Elements of Islamic architecture in the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque]. Jurnal Ilmiah DeSciArs, 2(2), 15-26.

  48. Sari, N. I., Wajdi, F., & Narulita, S. (2018). Peningkatan spiritualitas melalui wisata religi di makam keramat Kwitang Jakarta [Increasing spirituality through religious tourism at the Kwitang sacred cemetery in Jakarta]. Jurnal Online Studi Al-Qur’an, 14(1), 44–58.

  49. Satriawan, N., Soepeno, B., & Puji, R. P. N. (2019). Dampak sosial ekonomi wisata religi Makam K.H.R As’ad Syamsul Arifin [Socio-economic impact of religious tourism at the Tomb of K.H.R As'ad Syamsul Arifin]. Religious: Jurnal Studi Agama-Agama dan Lintas Budaya, 3(2), 113–119.

  50. Satwiko, F., Winandari, M. I. R., & Iskandar, J. (2023). Mosque typology in Indonesia based on vernacular architecture. Sinektika: Jurnal Arsitektur, 20(1), 48-56.

  51. Semilet, T. A. (2023). Transformations of cultural environments in small towns. In: Maximova, S.G., Raikin, R.I., Chibilev, A.A., Silantyeva, M.M. (Eds.) Advances in Natural, Human-Made, and Coupled Human-Natural Systems Research. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 234, 751–758. Springer.

  52. Shinde, K. A., & Olsen, D. H. (2023). Reframing the intersections of pilgrimage, religious tourism, and sustainability. Sustainability (Switzerland), 15(1), 461.

  53. Tabti, S. (2022). Digital mosque: Muslim communities in Germany and their digital strategies in the Covid-19 pandemic. Journal of Muslims in Europe, 11(3), 333–353.

  54. Tajuddin, M., Rasdi, M., & Utaberta, N. (2007). Mosque architecture in Malaysia: Classification of styles and possible influence. Jurnal Alam Bina, 9 (3), 1-37.

  55. Tim CNN Indonesia. (2023). Wisata religi sambil mengagumi kemegahan Masjid Sheikh Zayed Solo [Religious tourism while admiring the splendor of the Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Solo]. CNN Indonesia.

  56. Tim detikcom. (2022, November). Megahnya Masjid Sheikh Zayed Solo yang diresmikan Jokowi dan MBZ [The majestic Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Solo which was inaugurated by Jokowi and MBZ]. DetikNews.

  57. Tjahjani, J. & Sondakh, S. I. (2023). Bukit Kasih Kanonang as a religious tourism site based on local wisdom of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, 11(1), 58-71.

  58. Toscano-Jara, J., Loza-Aguirre, E., & Franco-Crespo, A. (2023). Challenges for the digital transformation of Ecuador’s tourism industry: Perceptions of leaders in times of Covid-19. In S. Estrada (Ed.), Digital and sustainable transformations in a post-Covid world: Economic, social, and environmental challenges, 257–273. Springer International Publishing.

  59. Triono, A. L. (2022). Megahnya arsitektur Masjid Sheikh Zayed Solo, khas Timur Tengah [The magnificent architecture of the Sheikh Zayed Mosque in Solo, typical of the Middle East]. NU Online.

  60. Ulya, N. S. & Futaqi, F.A. (2022). Analisis pengembangan potensi ekonomi pariwsata religi di Masjid Jami Tegalasari Ponorogo [Analysis of the development of the economic potential of religious tourism at the Tegalsari Jami Mosque, Ponorogo]. Niqosiya: Journal of Economics and Business Research, 2(1), 175–190.

  61. Vyhmeister, S., Wa-Mbaleka, S., & Rosario, A. H. (2022). Becoming a qualitative researcher. In S. Wa-Mbaleka & A. H. Rosario (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of qualitative research in the Asian context. SAGE Publications Ltd.