Mahabbah Dalam Tasawuf Rabi'ah Al-Adawiyah : Apresiasi Atas Rintisan Mistik Sejati dalam Islam
This paper aims to discuss on Rabiâ€™ah al-'Adawiyahâ€™s mahabbah teaching as the beginning pattern ofÂ Sufism, In the f irstÂ century ofÂ Islam, the Sufism life or known as the spiritual life was based on fear (khauf) which then expanded become the resignation (tawakkal) to the God. In the second century, the meaning ofÂ mahabbah or called the divine love was raised and changed toward extreme pole. The figure who starting the change ofÂ mahabbah meaning from rational one to the emotional one was Rabiâ€™ah al-â€˜Adawiyah. Mahabbah in Sufism discourse is the highest degree in Rabiâ€™ah teaching. The value ofÂ pure love in Sufism life granted the big change toward ofÂ next path ofÂ Sufism. AllÂ Sufi referred to the sincerity found in love of Rabi'ah. Rabiâ€™ah made easy the path ofÂ al-Bisthami, al-Hallaj, al-Ghazali, Ibnu Arabi. Even Jalal al-Din al-Rumi put his art works and Sufism experiences in mahabbah as forÂ Rabiâ€™ah.
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