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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines


Asian Management and Business Review (AMBR) is a peer-review journal published twice a year (February and August) by Master of Management, Department of Management, Faculty of Business and Economics Universitas Islam Indonesia. AMBR addresses the broad area of management applied and its practices in industry and business. It is particularly receptive to research relevant to the practice of management within the emerging Asian Regions and its effects beyond. It covers studies on how management work is done (descriptive) and/or should be done (normative) in diverse organizational forms, either in profit or non-profit firms, private or public sector institutions, or formal or informal social networks. We welcome qualitative case studies with high-quality, rigorous methods, and a strong impact on the field.



As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The manuscript submission is original work and has not been previously published.
  2. The manuscript should not be under consideration or accepted for publication elsewhere.
  3. The manuscript must comply with the journal's aims and scope and publication ethics.
  4. The manuscript must write in good English and the manuscripts have been grammar checked.
  5. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  6. The structure and format of the manuscript must comply with the manuscript requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  7. All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa. References are in the correct format for this journal. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.




The title summarizes the main ideas of your research. A good title contains a few words to adequately describe the main content and main purpose of your research paper. The title must be simple, direct, accurate, appropriate, specific, functional, concise/brief, unambiguous, informative, unique, and it should not be misleading.


Please supply a one-paragraph abstract of up to 300 words. This, as you know, is a precise summary of your entire paper, not just your conclusions, and must be able to stand alone, separate from the rest of the paper. The main part of an abstract is the purpose of the study, the methodology design of the study, major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis, and the originality which allows your research to be distinct from the existing literature. The supporting part of an abstract in a research limitation for further research to cover, a brief summary of the practical and social implications of your research.  The abstract must be provided in English.


The introduction should outline the aims of your paper, as well as describe why the topic is important and what it contributes to the body of knowledge. It establishes the scope, context, and significance of the research being conducted by summarizing current understanding and background information about the topic, stating the purpose of the work in the form of the research problem supported by a hypothesis or a set of questions, explaining briefly the methodological approach used to examine the research problem, highlighting the potential outcomes your study can reveal, and outlining the remaining structure and organization of the paper.

Literature Review and Hypotheses Development

The literature review and hypotheses development provide analysis and generalization of relevant works (papers, monographs, reports, theses, etc.), which describe the essence of the problem and/or give an understanding of the previous efforts to solve it. The Literature Review and hypotheses development should comply with the aim of the research (“fitness for purpose”) and represent the results of a critical analysis of the analytical base for testing the research hypothesis. The literature review must not be limited only by works, which were published in the country where the author lives and works (the problem should be studied globally). Particularly it concerns the authors from non-English speaking countries (they are recommended to thoroughly analyze the works published in English). Hypotheses development contains the formulation of hypotheses based on a critical review of the literature and rationalization of the alleged research results.

Research Methods

Research methods must be explaining the methods used, the influences that determined your approach, and why you chose samples, etc. This section must focus on answers about collected or generated data, and the process to analyze data with the relevant analytical tools. The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense.

Results and Discussion

The results and discussion section are the main part of the author's contribution to the research by providing a report in the form of an explanation of the findings of the research-based upon the methodology you applied to gather information. The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation. A section describing results is particularly necessary if your paper includes data generated from your own research. The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significant findings of the research considering what was already known about the research problem being investigated and to explain any new understanding or insights that emerged as a result of the research process to answer of the problem.

Implication and Conclusion

The implication should summarize the outcomes of the discussion that outline new insights and practices that can be obtained for a particular company, industry or organization. This section emphasizes the linkage of research results to practical contributions. The conclusion should summarize the main state of the findings at the point of writing and consider the next steps. This section also synthesis key points of the result and, if applicable recommend new areas for future research.





Article files should be provided in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format. While you are welcome to submit a PDF of the document alongside the Word file, PDFs alone are not acceptable. The manuscript is prepared in an A4 paper, single-sided, and single line spacing format. A new paragraph should start with 5 characters from the left margin, using 12-size, Garamond font type. The top and bottom margins are 1 inch. The title is written using capital letters only at first word or special name (example: location name), 14 font size, center position.

Article length / wordcount

Articles should be between 5000 and 9000 words in length. This includes all text, for example, the structured abstract, references, all text in tables, and figures and appendices.

Article title

The title of the manuscript should fully reflect the topic of the research and its content. It must be simple, direct, accurate, appropriate, specific, functional, concise/brief, unambiguous, informative, unique, and it should not be misleading (not more than 15 words).

Author Details

Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. The names of all contributing authors should list them in the order in which you would like them to be published. Each contributing author will extract the following details:

Author email address. A clear indication and an active email address of all authors. Particularly for the corresponding author, we advise using an active university or institution email address.

Author name. We will reproduce it exactly, so any middle names and/or initials they want to be featured must be included.

Author affiliation. This should be where they were based when the research for the paper was conducted.

Structured abstract

The abstract should be no more than 300 words. All submissions must include a structured abstract, following the format outlined below.

These four sub-headings and their accompanying explanations must always be included:

  • Purpose
  • Methodology
  • Findings
  • Originality

The following three sub-headings are optional and can be included, if applicable:

  • Research limitations
  • Practical implications
  • Social implications


Please include 5 main words that represent the content of the manuscript for indexing purposes.

JEL Classification

The author should attentively look through it in order to have a common understanding of all the areas defined in it  https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/displayjel.cfm. The codes, indicated by the author should clearly reflect the research area. The author is welcome to use the codes from two or three areas, if they are covered in the research.

Paper Type

The following types of manuscripts can be submitted to the journal:

  • Research paper, which is a final report on the finished original experimental study.
  • The theoretical paper, which is devoted to the theoretical study of the problem, complies with the journal’s scope.


Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the required hierarchy. The preferred format is for first level headings to be in bold, and subsequent sub-headings to be written using capital letters only at first word or special name, 12 font size, started from the left margin.

Tables and Figures

Tables and figures should be presented as follows:

  1. The name of tables and figures should follow a numbering system (Arabic numbering system). The names of the tables and figures are on the top and bottom parts of the tables, respectively.
  2. The tables and figures should provide the source of information, if any, at the bottom part of both.
  3. Any table should contain only heading and contents. The table contains row lines only without column lines. Note(s) and source(s) should be included underneath the table where appropriate.


Equation and mathematical formulas must write using Microsoft equation. Equations and formula should be numbered as (1), (2)... etc. appearing to their right.

Authors Contribution

To classify the author's contribution in the manuscript-making process, classification is carried out based on several activities carried out as follows Conceptualization, Data curation: Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, and Writing – review & editing.


The Acknowledgement section should specify the individuals or institutions, who have also contributed to the article but are not its authors (the relevant scientific programs, grants, scholarships, contracts are indicated, the persons or organizations, which helped an author in conducting the research, namely, access to information, organization of the survey, interview, etc.).

Management Citation and References

AMBR Journal has reference template available in many of the most popular reference management software products. These include all products that support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley and Zotero, as well as EndNote. It is recommended that the author(s) use Mendeley Desktop citation management because it is easy to use and is a free software.

Users of Mendeley Desktop can easily install the reference style for this journal by clicking the following link: http://open.mendeley.com/use-citation-style/the-international-journal-of-management-education. When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Mendeley plug-ins for Microsoft Word any else word processing programs.


AMBR uses the author-date style of citation referred from American Psychological Association (APA) guidelines. Citations in the text appear as name, date within parentheses and listed alphabetically at the end of the paper. When a cited work has three or more authors, all authors should be written out at the first text citation and et al. used thereafter (italicize et al., whenever used). When reference is made to more than one work by the same author(s) published in the same year, identify each citation in the text in the following manner: (Collins, 2005a, 2005b). Online citations should end with the date of access. Please be sure that cited works that are chapters in a book or articles in a magazine include page numbers. References should contain titles and subtitles.

All references must have a corresponding citation in the text and vice versa.

Important: All citations and sources must be cited from international journals and maximum 20% cited from international text book/reference book/handbook/monograph. Not a local/domestic journal or local/domestic journal reference translated into English. The authors must include a DOI link or URL address of the article for each citation source in the references section. The minimum number of sources is 35 international journal articles or more.

Examples of correct referencing style:


Badaracco, J. L. (1991). The Knowledge Link: How Firms Compete Through Strategic Alliances. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Bleeke, J., & Ernst, D. (Eds). (1993). Collaborating to Compete: Using Strategic Alliances and Acquisitions in the Global Marketplace. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 

Book Chapters:

Bowman, E. H., & Singh H. (1990). Overview of corporate restructuring: trends and consequences. In Rock L, Rock RH (Eds), Corporate Restructuring (pp. 1-61), New York: McGraw-Hill.

Journal Articles:

Alareeni, B.  A. (2018). Does corporate governance influence earnings management in listed companies in Bahrain Bourse? Journal of Asia Business Studies, 12(4), 551-570.

Nozarpour, M. & Hamid, N. (2015). Investigating the Effect of Capital Structure and Growth Opportunities on Earnings Management. International Journal of Management, Accounting and Economics, 2(6), 538-546.

Elghuweel, M., Ntim, C., Opong, K., & Avison, L. (2017). Corporate governance, Islamic governance and earnings management in Oman. Journal of Accounting in Emerging Economies, 7(2), 190-224.

Working Papers:

Cohen, M.D., Nelson, R.R., & Walsh J.P. (2000). Protecting their intellectual assets: appropriability conditions and why U.S. manufacturing firms patent (or not). NBER working paper 7552, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA. Available at: http://www.nber.org.cyrano.ucmo.edu:2048/papers/w7552.

Child, J., & Yan, Y. (1999). Predicting the performance of international alliances: an investigation in China. Working paper, Chinese Management Centre, University of Hong Kong.

Conference Proceedings:

Stahl, G. (Ed.). (2002). Proceedings of CSCL 02: Computer support for collaborative learning. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Analia, A.L., & Hendrie Anto, M.B. (2019).  Performance measurement of Islamic banking in Indonesia using the maqashid sharia index method. Proceeding of Conference on Islamic Management, Accounting, and Economics, Indonesia, 235-244. https://journal.uii.ac.id/CIMAE/article/view/12924

Online Sources:

Economic and Monetary Policy Department. Monetary Policy Review June 2020. Bank Indonesia. Retrieved August 10, 2020, from https://www.bi.go.id/en/publikasi/kebijakan-moneter/

Rupley, S. (2010, February 26). The myth of the benign monopoly. Salon. Retrieved from http://www.salon.com/ at 26th July 2016.