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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Guidelines Regarding Submitted Manuscript

  1. Submitted manuscripts per July 2019 must be written in English, and should not have been previously published and should not be submitted for other journal publications while they are under consideration by JSB.
  2. To assure double-blind review process, make sure that the author-identifying information (name, email and affiliation) is not included in the manuscript, and is completed in submission metadata.
  3. To be sure that manuscripts move through the review process smoothly and quickly, we ask authors to observe basic formatting and style requirements when submitting manuscripts. Submissions that do not follow JSB guidelines may have to be returned for revision and resubmission in order to ensure the timely flow of manuscripts through the editorial process.
  4. We suggest that you circulate your manuscript among colleagues before submitting to JSB, and make revisions based on their thoughtful suggestions. The reviewers should not be your first readers.

Writing Guidelines

To be sure that manuscripts move through the copyediting process please observe the following guidelines:

Title: Title must be clear and informative, and should be written using center alignment and capitalized in each non-proposition word (For indexing purposes, kindly include three to five keywords that describe your paper).

Please supply a one-paragraph abstract of up to 200 words. This, as you know, is a precise summary of your entire paper, not just your conclusions, and must be able to stand alone, separate from the rest of the paper. Abstract must be provided in English.

JEL Classification Code
Author(s) must supply JEL classification code for accepted manuscripts. JEL Classification Code can be found in this following link: https://www.aeaweb.org/econlit/jelCodes.php?view=jel

Structure of the Manuscript Body: Please structure the body of manuscript under heading Introduction, Literature Review, Methods, Result and Discussion, and Conclusion, respectively (if needed, sub headings can be added). Direction for future works can be included in conclusion text. The structure of conceptual (normative) paper can be adjusted following acceptable qualitative-rules in academic arena.  

Acknowledgements: The names of any sponsors of your research, including grant numbers, and/or people you would like to thank, may be included in an acknowledgements section that should appear immediately before your list of references when your paper is accepted for publication.

General Style:

We provided template for authors regarding the writing style of JSB that can be downloaded in the menu Template. General style that must be confirmed by authors is summarized as below:

  1. The submitted manuscript should be around 5000-8500 words including references appendices tables and figures. The submissions that are below 5000 words will not be accepted for review.
  2. Headings and subheadings are flush with the left-hand margin and the first line of the initial paragraph appearing under each is also left-justified. Other paragraphs in a section are indented.

In subheadings, only each non-proposition word is capitalized.

  1. Do not number sections.
  2. Do not use ampersands (&) unless it is a commonly used expression (e.g., R&D), part of a universally known product (e.g., M&Ms), or included in a company name (e.g., Standard & Poor).
  3. Commas appear before the final and (also) in a series.
  4. Double, rather than single, quotation marks are used.
  5. Percent is spelled out in regular text, but a % sign is used in parenthesized text and figures.
  6. Indicate in the text where tables and figures are to appear, for example, Insert Table 1 here.
  7. Numbers one to nine are spelled out and numbers 10 and above appear as numerals. The exceptions are when numbers refer to ratings, code numbers, or begin a sentence. If a sentence begins with a number, the number must be spelled out. It is usually easier to rephrase the sentence.
  8. Footnotes, rather than endnotes, are incorporated into the text.
  9. Blocks of long quotations are indented and single-spaced.
  10. et al. is always italicized.
  11. Spell out all abbreviations at first use in the body of the article and use abbreviated forms thereafter, for example, return on investment (ROI). If an abbreviated form is used only once, it should be spelled out. This is for the benefit of readers, including students, some of whom may not be familiar with the meanings of all abbreviations.
  12. A zero (0) always appears in numbers less than 1 (e.g., 0.15, not .15). This holds true for tables and figures as well as within the text and footnotes.
  13. Appendices are placed after references. If there is only one Appendix, no number is needed after it (i.e., Appendix 1).
  14. The manuscript should be submitted as MSWord file. The pdf document will send back to the author.

Figures and tables: Please do not incorporate your figures and/or tables into the text of your article other than a separate line, such as Insert Table 1 here, where appropriate. Figures and tables should appear at the end of the manuscript after the references section. Do not embed other programs, such as PowerPoint, into the article.

  1. Figure numbers and titles appear centered below the figure, while Table numbers and titles appear centered above the table. Each non-proposition word of a title is capitalized.
  2. In tables and figures, only the first word in column and row titles is capitalized.
  3. Within tables and figures, a zero (0) always appears in numbers less than 1 (e.g., 0.15, not .15).
  4. Table values are to be aligned on the decimal except where values differ widely, such values should be centered (this can, for example, apply to the N, R2, and F values in the final rows of a table).
  5. You may have your figures published in color in the electronic version. In the printable version, however, the color will be black and white.
Reference and citation style: JSB uses the author-date style of citation referred from American Psychological Association (APA) guidelines. Citations in the text appear as name, date within parentheses, and listed alphabetically at the end of the paper. When a cited work has three or more authors, all authors should be written out at the first text citation and et al. used thereafter (italicize et al., whenever used). When reference is made to more than one work by the same author(s) published in the same year, identify each citation in the text in the following manner: (Collins, 2005a, 2005b). Online citations should end with the date of access. Please be sure that cited works that are chapters in a book or articles in a magazine include page numbers. References should contain titles and subtitles.

All references must have a corresponding citation in the text and vice versa.

Examples of correct referencing style:


Badaracco, J. L. (1991). The Knowledge Link: How Firms Compete Through Strategic Alliances. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press

Bleeke, J., & Ernst, D. (Eds). (1993). Collaborating to Compete: Using Strategic Alliances and Acquisitions in the Global Marketplace. New York: John Wiley & Sons:

Book Chapters:

Bowman, E. H., & Singh H. (1990). Overview of corporate restructuring: trends and consequences. In Rock L, Rock RH (Eds), Corporate Restructuring (pp. 1-61), New York: McGraw-Hill.

Journal Articles:

Bagozzi, R., & Phillips, L. (1982). Representing and testing organizational theories: a holistic construal. Administrative Science Quarterly, 27(3), 459-489.

Grant, R. M. (1996). Toward a knowledge-based theory of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, Winter Special Issue 17, 109-122.

Arif, S., Ilyas, M., & Hameed, A. (2013). Student satisfaction and impact of leadership in private universities. The TQM Journal, 25(4), 399–416.

Working Papers:

Cohen, M.D., Nelson, R.R., & Walsh J.P. (2000). Protecting their intellectual assets: appropriability conditions and why U.S. manufacturing firms patent (or not). NBER working paper 7552, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA. Available at: http://www.nber.org.cyrano.ucmo.edu:2048/papers/w7552.

Child, J., & Yan, Y. (1999). Predicting the performance of international alliances: an investigation in China. Working paper, Chinese Management Centre, University of Hong Kong.

Conference Proceedings:

Stahl, G. (Ed.). (2002). Proceedings of CSCL 02: Computer support for collaborative learning. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Online Sources:

Rupley, S. (2010, February 26). The myth of the benign monopoly. Salon. Retrieved from http://www.salon.com/ at 26th July 2016